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Table 1 Comparison between SES/MES and NFSE [23]

From: Robot-aided electrospinning toward intelligent biomedical engineering

Type Voltage (kV) Distance (cm) Fiber diameter (μm) Advantages Disadvantages
Melt electrospinning and solution electrospinning 10–30 5–50 0.01–1 Simple device
Large-scale fabrication
Various applicable materials
Random deposition
High voltage
Near-field electrospinning 0.2–12 0.05–5 0.05–30 Controllable deposition
Low-voltage
precise fabrication
Immature mechanism
Larger diameter
Smaller-scale fabrication