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Table 6 Comparison between the system’s performance using PID and BFO

From: Bacterial foraging-optimized PID control of a two-wheeled machine with a two-directional handling mechanism

Control Percent overshoot Settling time (s) Peak time (s) Rise time (s)
PID 48.1 2.2870 0.5710 0.2790
BFO 27.9 0.7800 0.4400 0.2300